The iconic Impala name made its debut on a concept car unveiled at the 1956 Motorama, General Motors’ internally hosted auto exhibition. Resembling a five-seat hard-top Corvette, the decision to name it after the Impala, a gazelle known for its impressive 30-foot leaps, seemed particularly apt.
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Impala: Inception and Evolution
In 1958, the production version of the Impala emerged as the Bel Air Impala, positioned as the flagship model in Chevrolet’s full-size lineup during a time when model names functioned more like trim levels. Engine options varied from the 145-hp six with roots in the thirties to a brand-new 348 cid (5.7L) V-8, boasting a formidable 315 hp. The luxurious and relatively high-priced nature of the new Impala led critics to question whether Chevrolet could maintain its reputation as a low-cost car brand.
Introduction of Impala SS
By 1959, the Impala transitioned into a standalone model. In 1961, Chevrolet introduced the Impala SS, featuring power choices that included the now rare 360-hp 409 cid (6.7-liter) V-8. Although the SS evolved into primarily an appearance package after 1962, it continued to offer compatibility with Chevrolet’s most potent engines and reinforced chassis components. The SS package was discontinued in 1970, but the Impala remained available with formidable big-block power options.
The Impala models from 1962 to 1964 marked the final use of an X-type frame, giving way to the ’65 model with its perimeter frame and sleek design. Among these, the boxy 1964 Impalas, in particular, have emerged as symbols within hip-hop and low-rider culture.
Impala’s Shift with the Introduction of Caprice
The Impala held its position as the flagship full-size Chevrolet from 1958 until 1966 when the Caprice made its debut. Chevrolet phased out the Biscayne in 1973 and the Bel Air in 1976, leaving the Impala as the entry-level full-size car for Chevy.
In 1977, GM underwent significant downsizing of its full-size cars, resulting in a revamped Chevy lineup featuring the Impala and Caprice Classic. Both models were available as sedans, wagons, or coupes, with the latter showcasing an elegant folded-glass rear window on 1977-79 models. Serving as the base model, the Impala gained popularity among taxi and police fleets. Coupes and wagons were discontinued after 1981, continuing exclusively under the Caprice lineup. The Impala name was discontinued in 1986, while the Caprice endured.
The revival of the Impala name occurred with the introduction of a concept car. Unveiled at the 1992 Detroit Auto Show, the Impala SS emerged as a modified Caprice featuring a lowered suspension and an 8.2-liter V-8. Production began for the 1994 model year, presenting a civilian version of the 9C1 police package with a 260-horsepower 5.7-liter V-8. Celebrated by the renowned “Lord Vader, your car is ready” advertising campaign, the Impala SS remained in production until the conclusion of the 1996 model year.
Impala Makes a Comeback
In 2000, the Impala returned, taking over the role of Chevrolet’s large front-wheel-drive sedan from the Lumina. A police version featured enhanced suspension and a 3.8-liter V-6. In 2004, Chevrolet introduced the Impala SS, boasting a supercharged 3.8-liter V-6 generating 240 horsepower. The year 2006 witnessed the unveiling of a completely redesigned Impala, characterized by a more understated design, while the SS model featured a robust 5.3-liter V-8. With the exception of the SS, most Impalas found their way into fleets rather than private ownership. A notable addition was the 50th-Anniversary edition in 2008.
A new generation of the Impala emerged in 2014, presenting a larger, more luxurious, and boldly styled version. Initially well-received with strong sales, its popularity waned over time as SUVs gained prominence in the family-car segment. Chevrolet discontinued production of the Impala in 2020.
The Final Chapter for the Impala
The 2014 Impala, marking the last iteration of this iconic model, showcased increased size, heightened opulence, and a more aggressive aesthetic. While it enjoyed strong sales in its initial years, the eventual decline in demand, coupled with the surge in SUV popularity, led Chevrolet to cease production of the Impala in 2020.
Chevrolet Impala: Noteworthy Features
Between 1958 and 1975, the Impala stood out with its distinctive three-segment taillights, distinguishing it from other hefty Chevrolets like the Bel Air, Biscayne, and Delray, which sported two-segment taillights (with the exception of 1959 when all variants featured segmented cat-eye taillights).
The Impala has had a dual role in Chevrolet’s full-size lineup, serving as the high-end choice from 1958 to 1965 and later assuming the low-end position from 1976 to 1985.
A notable milestone occurred in 2006 when the Impala SS became the first front-wheel-drive Chevrolet equipped with a V-8 engine. In 2013, the Impala earned the distinction of being the last car in America to feature a bench front seat.
Chevrolet Impala Purchasing Tips
Given the extensive timeline and diverse models of the Impala, collectors may find different versions appealing based on their preferences. For older Impalas, particularly those boasting rare option combinations, the value hinges significantly on originality. It is advisable to scrutinize the VIN, fender tag, and, if available, the build sheet to ascertain the car’s authenticity. Rare models should undergo authentication by an expert.
In contrast, late-model Impalas have garnered minimal collector interest and are not anticipated to emerge as high-value treasures in the coming decade or two.
Chevrolet Impala FAQ
1. What is the history of the Chevrolet Impala?
The Chevrolet Impala has a rich history, debuting in 1958 as a top-tier model in Chevy’s full-size lineup. Over the years, it has undergone various transformations, serving as both a high-end and low-end offering. The Impala has been recognized for its distinctive design, performance options, and cultural significance.
2. What distinguishes the different generations of the Impala?
Each generation of the Impala has unique characteristics, ranging from the iconic three-segment taillights of the late 1950s to the shift in roles within Chevrolet’s lineup. From the classic designs of the early years to the modern iterations, the Impala has evolved to meet changing automotive trends.
3. Are there any performance-oriented Impala models?
Yes, the Impala has seen performance-oriented models like the Impala SS. Notably, the 2006 Impala SS was the first front-wheel-drive Chevrolet to feature a V-8 engine. These models often cater to enthusiasts seeking a blend of style and performance.
4. What should collectors look for when considering an Impala purchase? Collectors should focus on originality, especially for older Impalas with rare option combinations. Verification of authenticity through the VIN, fender tag, and build sheet is crucial. Seeking expert authentication for rare models can enhance the value of the collector’s investment.
5. Are there any unique features of specific model years?
Yes, certain model years stand out for their distinctive features. For instance, the 2013 Impala was the last car in America to feature a bench front seat, contributing to its unique appeal. Understanding the specific features of each model year can guide buyers in finding the Impala that suits their preferences.
6. Why did Chevrolet discontinue the Impala in 2020?
The decision to discontinue the Impala in 2020 was influenced by changing consumer preferences, with SUVs gaining dominance in the market. Chevrolet shifted its focus to meet evolving demands, leading to the end of the Impala’s production.
7. Are late-model Impalas valuable for collectors?
Late-model Impalas have not garnered significant collector interest and are unlikely to become high-value collectibles in the near future. Collectors generally find more appeal in the classic, vintage versions of the Impala.
8. Can I find authentic parts for older Impalas?
Authentic parts for older Impalas may be available through specialized dealers, online marketplaces, or salvage yards. It’s essential to research and connect with reputable sources to ensure the authenticity and quality of replacement parts.
9. How can I join the community of Chevrolet Impala enthusiasts?
Enthusiasts can connect with fellow Impala fans through online forums, social media groups, or local car clubs. Participating in events, discussions, and sharing experiences can provide valuable insights and a sense of camaraderie within the Chevrolet Impala community.