BY: SANJAY VERMA
In 1948, the US witnessed the debut of the first instant camera, the Polaroid Model 95, by inventor Edwin H. Land. This camera allowed quick photo capture and development, pioneering self-developing film with a folding design, viewfinder, and adjustable focus.
Launched in 1948, the Swedish Hasselblad 1600F was the world's first medium-format SLR camera, offering versatility to professional photographers with its modular design and interchangeable lenses.
In 1925, Oscar Barnack's Leica I revolutionized photography with its compact 35mm film format, shaping street photography and photojournalism.
In 1900, Eastman Kodak's Kodak Brownie made photography accessible to the masses with its affordable and simple design. Using roll film, it popularized snapshots and democratized photography.
In 1898, Eastman Kodak introduced the Folding Pocket Kodak, a compact and portable camera that revolutionized snapshot photography with its collapsible bellows design.
In 1892, the Kombi Camera, created by William V. Esmond and manufactured by Alfred C. Kemper, was a groundbreaking invention. It was the world's first miniature roll film camera, combining photo capture and viewing in a single device, and introduced the concept of a metal-bodied roll film camera with interchangeable backs for different films.
In 1859, Thomas Sutton's Panoramic Camera, from the United Kingdom, used curved photographic plates to capture wide-angle images, offering photographers a novel perspective.
In the 1850s, the Whole Plate Camera, originating in England and invented by W. Middlemiss, gained popularity for its larger format and enhanced optical design. It used 6.5 x 8.5 inch glass plates, delivering higher-quality photos.
Scottish inventor William Henry Fox Talbot's 1841 Calotype Camera introduced negative-positive printing, enabling multiple prints from light-sensitive paper negatives.
In 1839, French inventor Alphonse Giroux introduced one of the earliest commercially available Daguerreotype cameras, featuring a sliding box for focusing and exposure adjustment.
In 1839, Louis Daguerre unveiled the Daguerreotype Camera, a pivotal moment in photographic history. This camera employed a silver-plated copper plate to capture images with exceptional clarity and detail.
The Camera Obscura, originating in ancient Greece around the 5th century BC, projected inverted images onto surfaces through a small aperture, serving as the precursor to modern cameras.